Krissy Wilson and Christopher C. French
Anomalistic Psychology Research Unit,
Department of Psychology,
University of London,
London SE14 6NW.
One hundred participants completed a News Coverage Questionnaire concerning personal memories of where they were, what they were doing and who they were with when news footage of dramatic news events was first shown on television, as well as asking them to recall details of the footage itself. These news items included four events that are known to have been captured on film and one item concerning nonexistent footage of the bombing of a nightclub in Bali. Overall, 36% of respondents reported false memories of the alleged footage of the Bali bombing. Participants reporting false memories were found to score significantly higher than those who did not report such memories on the Australian Sheep-Goat Scale, on various sub-scales of the Anomalous Experiences Inventory (Belief, Experience and Ability) and on the Dissociative Experiences Scale, supporting the hypothesis that believers in the paranormal may be more susceptible to false memories than non-believers.
Keywords : False memories; dissociation; paranormal belief and experience.
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Research Item – Robert C. Bostrom. Oxford,
UK – Book Review
In the past, analyses have made it seem unlikely that the Earth’s rotation has affected global tectonics. Recent data suggest otherwise. With this statement, albeit, only partly true, Robert Bostrom opens his chapter on Historical Perception, seeking the roots for thoughts about a connection between the Earth’s rotation and global tectonics. Under the reign of plate tectonics, the potential link between the long – term inertial slowing of the Earth and its geological evolution has not been a matter of serious debate. Regardless of this ignorance, the strongly latitude – dependent lunar tidal friction is being assumed currently to be the dominant cause of both secular deceleration of the planet’s spin rate and acceleration of the Moon’s rate of recession. At present, the gravitational influence of the Sun – Moon system on the Earth, having its maximum effects at low latitudes, is relatively significant. However, there is hardly any geological evidence that deep ocean basins existed prior to the middle Mesozoic,some 150 million years ago, probably implying that oceanic tidal slowing of the Earth was not significant in earlier geological times.
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